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January 17, 2024

Designing Sports Fields with Drainage Cells: Ensuring Optimal Performance


Arpit Kushawaha


drainage cell with geotextile


Sports fields are not just places for athletic events; they are multi-purpose spaces that need proper care and effective stormwater control. After all, there’s more at stake than dissatisfaction when a highly-anticipated game or event is canceled due to heavy rain. Rainouts can cause financial losses in the tens or hundreds of Lakhs of Rupees for college and professional games.

While fields can become damp, murky, and impracticable without effective drainage systems, utilizing appropriate surface drainage procedures can avert lawn destruction, decrease safety threats, and eradicate the necessity for expensive looking after. Sports field designers and managers prioritize fitting sophisticated drainage structures to simplify the effective flow of water off the field to guard their sporty amenities. Proper field drainage averts murky soggy situations and endorses healthier lawn development while decreasing the hazard of injury to players.


Contouring Athletic Turfs for Positive Surface Drainage

For sufficient surface drainage, a field should be created or renewed to boost water to stream naturally away from the playing area. This kind of Drain Cell is a demanding procedure called contouring, and it’s the basis of any active drainage procedure. Contouring, or classifying, refers to the slant and contour of the field, which regulates how water flows across the playing area. It should have a steady slope that leads water to stream toward elected drainage regions.

It’s vital to balance creating a level playing area and providing an adequate drainage slant. Contouring parameters are quantified for different sports and should be carefully followed to minimize problems with compact visibility, improved player tiredness, and the dangers linked with uneven playing areas.


There are two basic contour design kinds: crowned and flat turfs.

Crowned Fields
A crowned field has an increased point in the center, which slants gently to the sidelines. This design benefits in assuring appropriate drainage by leading water away from the playing area. However, it is crucial to uphold a steady slope to avert extreme water overflow and rough playing situations that affect the game.

Flat Fields
Flat fields, however, have a steady slant in one way or to one side. While flat fields may be more profitable to build, it is crucial to safeguard proper grading and contouring to avert water from merging on the playing area. One-sided contouring can also affect play and aggravate some glitches that exist with covered fields.

Internal Drainage Systems
In addition to surface drainage, certain kinds of internal drainage procedures are progressively widespread for improving the overall efficiency of drainage for natural grass fields by quickly eliminating extra water from the soil profile.

Pipe Drains are the conventional internal drainage procedures for synthetic turf fittings. They are characteristically created using corrugated plastic pipes submerged between 18 inches and 3 feet deep. The ditches are packed with shingles or coarse sand to promote water flow into the pipes. The ditches may also be wrinkled with a Drain cell mat to prevent water from drenched into the soil. While they are operative for artificial lawns, they’re frequently not as operational in natural soil, especially if the ground above them is solid or drenched.

Strip Drains have become gradually prevalent for natural grass fields as they offer more operative water elimination than pipe sanitation. Strip drains are thin ditches, usually only 2 – 4 inches wide, fitted up to 18 inches deep utilizing specialized trenchers. The channels are protected with metal, plastic, or concrete grilles, fitted flush to the field exterior, and pricked to permit water to pass through. 

Water that enters a strip drain enables a perimeter collector for storing and reclaiming. Strip drains can be fitted in prevailing lawns with nominal surface trouble, making them a suitable choice for field revamps. They’re frequently working for perimeter drainage but are also supportive of more inclusive drainage control.

Sometimes, an impervious liner may be fitted in the ditches to avert the collected water from waterlogging the soil or to minimize corrosion. Water passing through a strip drain at a high rapidity may corrode the ground around the trench, instigating the drain to become blocked and decrease its efficiency. In severe cases, corrosion can cause the strip drain to fail. 

Sand Slit Drainage procedures are fitted by cutting thin cuts no more than 8 inches deep, interconnecting at right angles to a series of sub-drains. These ditches are filled with gravel and topped with sand, creating a matrix across the entire area, which enables water to quickly drain from the playing region. In natural grass playing areas, sand slit drainage also proposes enhanced soil aeration and moisture control while keeping the playing area in a good situation.


Choosing the Right Drainage System

When choosing a drainage procedure for your sports area, various elements need to be measured:

Water Removal
Contemplate the fresh rainfall data in your region to regulate how much water requires being detached from the field and within what period. In many parts of the country, rainfall outlines have removed to fewer but considerably more intense storms. The drainage procedure should be accomplished to efficiently control the potential volume of water released during these progressively heavy rain events.

Soil Type
Take soil tasters from various areas around your area to comprehend the disparities of soil configuration, as different soils have exclusive drainage features. Coarse soils like sand usually drain better than fine soils like clay. The drainage procedures should be custom-made to ensemble the exact soil situations.

Reflect on your budget for the drainage system fittings. While spending for a high-quality system is vital, balancing cost-effectiveness is also important. Work with your designer and installer to grow a design that signifies a fair balance between the two while gathering the unique requirements of your athletic area.


The Role of Geomembrane Liners in Sports Field Drainage Procedures

Geotextile membranes, such as strengthened polyethylene (RPE) liners, can expressively improve the performance of sports field drainage procedures. These impermeable membranes prevent water from leaking into the ground, enabling rainwater to travel effortlessly to reservoirs or treatment areas. Eliminating seepage is chiefly vital in areas with high water tables, heavy clay, or expansive clay soil where excess dampness can upset the structural constancy of the area.

Singhal Industries is an outstanding Drainage cell supplier for sports field drainage, proposing long-lasting performance and minimal preservation needs. Singhal Industries drainage cells with geotextile can last more than 20 years in these applications, delivering important cost savings compared to other fabrics.

Eventually, sports field drainage procedures are crucial for ideal playability and performance. By applying active surface drainage procedures and including internal drainage procedures like pipe drains, strip drains, and sand slit drainage, you can avert waterlogging, decrease the danger of injury, and stimulate healthier turf development.

Spending on a well-designed and properly upheld drainage procedure will avert rainouts and financial losses and offer athletes and spectators a secure and enjoyable playing experience. Prioritizing proper drainage in your sports field management plans delivers the best situations for athletic achievement.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How do you install a drainage cell?
Keep the drainage cell over the exterior of the membrane and butt together (interlocking is not needed). For extra safety, a coating of a 3mm protection board is suggested under the drainage cell.

How do drainage cells work?
Drainage cells work by making a gap between the exterior and the underlying soil or basis. This opening permits water to flow freely underneath the exterior, averting water buildup and facilitating proper drainage.

What is the function of the drainage cell?
A drainage cell helps the persistence of managing the water stream. It helps in the exclusion of water from an area while averting waterlogging and potential harm. It is intended to provide info, about how water is managed and controlled in different applications.



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