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May 18, 2024

Geotextile Fabric in Airport Runway Construction: Ensuring Safety and Durability


Arpit Kushawaha


woven geotextile fabric


Geosynthetic are synthetic fabric that are utilized to enhance the performance and stability of soil and other fabrics in civil engineering tasks. They can have different uses, such as strengthening, parting, filtration, drainage, safety, and barrier. In airport and runway construction, Geotextile fabric for waterproofing can provide many advantages, such as decreasing expenses, saving time, increasing protection, and minimizing environmental effects. In this post, you will discover about some of the major applications and benefits of utilizing Geotextile Fabric in airport and runway construction. 


Strengthening and Stabilization 

One of the most usual usages of woven geotextile fabric in airport and runway construction is to strengthen and steady the subgrade, base, and surface coating of the roadway. Geotextile Fabric can deliver tensile strength, difficulty, and resistance to the soil and total fabrics, averting them from distorting, cracking, or rutting under heavy weights and frequent traffic. Geotextile Fabric can also decrease the density and quantity of the pavement fabrics, resulting in lower structure and maintenance expenses. Some instances of geosynthetic utilized for strengthening and stabilization are geogrids, geotextiles, and geocells.

Separation and Purification 

Another important uses of Geotextile Fabric in airport and runway construction is too distinct and filter various fabrics and liquids. Geosynthetic can avoid the mixing of the subgrade and the base or surface coatings, conserving the reliability and performance of the path. Geosynthetic can also purify water and air, enabling them to go through while holding soil particles and pollutants. This can avoid the blockage and corrosion of the drainage procedures, as well as the frost heave and thaw fading of the subgrade. Some instances of geosynthetic utilized for separation and filtration are geotextiles, geonet, and geocomposite. 

Drainage and Waterproofing

A third crucial role of woven geotextile fabric in airport and runway construction is to deliver drainage and waterproofing options. Geotextile Fabric can ease the discarding of additional water and dampness from the pavement coating, decreasing the threat of saturation, swelling, and worsening. Geotextile fabric can also work as a barrier to avoid water infiltration from the texture or groundwater sources, safeguarding the subgrade and the pavement from damage. 

Protection and erosion control

A fourth crucial advantage of woven geotextile fabric in airport and runway construction is to safe and control corrosion of the soil and the pavement. Geosynthetic can cushion and engross the effect of the construction tools, aircraft, and vehicles on the pavement texture, decreasing the wear and tear and enhancing the service life. Geosynthetic can also cover and steady the soil slopes and ridges around the airport, avoiding them from being worn by wind, water, or ice. Some examples of geosynthetic utilized for safety and corrosion control are geotextiles, geomat, and geocells. 

Ecological and Visual Development

A fifth and final benefit of Geotextile Fabric in airport and runway construction is to enhance the ecological and aesthetic aspects of the task. Geosynthetic can decrease the carbon footprint and the energy ingesting of the construction procedure, by utilizing less natural resources, producing less waste, and needing less shipping and machinery. Geosynthetic can also increase the appearance and the functionality of the airport, by delivering green spaces, noise lessening, and wildlife safety. 

Functions of Geotextiles

The procedure of operation of a geotextile in any application is distinct by six separate meanings:


The separation purpose of non-woven geotextile fabric is largely used in the making of roads. Geotextile avoids the mingling of two together soils. For example, by unravelling fine subgrade dirt from the mixtures of the base course, the geotextile preserves the drainage and the power characteristics of the total fabric.

Some of the relevant regions are: 

  • Between subgrade and stone base in unpaved and concreted roads and airbases.
  • Between subgrade in railway trails
  • Between landfills and stone base expansions.
  • Between geomembranes and soil drainage layers.


The regularity of geotextile-to-soil process that consents for satisfactory liquid flow with restricted soil loss across the plane of the geotextile. Porosity and permeability are the main aspects of geotextiles which contain penetration action.


Summary of non-woven geotextile fabric in the dirt raises the ductile strength of the soil the same quantity steel does in concrete. The strength development in soil due to the summary of geotextile is by the following 3 contraptions:

  • Contiguous control through interfacial confrontation between geotextile and soil/cumulative. 
  • Impressive the possible bearing external failure plane to change an advanced shear power external.
  • Membrane type of sustenance of the wheel weight.


A covering of non-woven geotextile fabric is soaked in between current and new asphalt layers. The geotextile grips asphalt to become a waterproofing membrane decreasing perpendicular undertaking of water into the roadway structure. 

Usages of Geotextile in Construction

The prospect of geotextile in the construction area is very huge. The application of geotextile is provided under the banner of the nature of work.

Road Work
Geotextiles are mainly used in the structure of the road. It reinforces the soil by collecting tensile strength to it. It is used as a quick de-watering coating in the roadbed; the geotextiles needs preservative its permeability without trailing its unscrambling functions.

Railway Works
The woven textiles or the non-woven ones are used to separate the mud from the sub-soil without hindering the groundwater flow where the ground is rough. Invasive individual layers with material avoid the fabric from itinerant off sideways due to quakes and sensations from running trains.

It is used for soil control. For the expansion of murky paths and trails those used by cattle or light traffic, nonwoven fabrics are used and are creased by overlying to containing the pipe or a mass of grit. 

The uses of geotextiles to strained the soil and a more or less single size ground fabric to ship water is increasingly seen as a strictly and commercially viable auxiliary to the traditional structures. Geotextiles fulfill the filtering device for drainages in earth dams, in roads and highways, in lakes, behind absorbent barriers, deep drainage drains, and agriculture.

River, Canals and Coastal Works
Geotextiles protects river arrays from erosion due to currents or slurping. When used in combination with natural or artificial enhancements, they work as a filter.



In today’s post we get to understand about Geotextiles, its categories, functions & usages. Geotextile is a crucial component in construction industry. If you want to buy any type of Geotextile fabric then just approach Singhal Industries as they have a vast experience in manufacturing of all kinds of Geotextiles.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is geotextile fabric used in road construction?
It can be a geotextile, a geomembrane or a mixture of the two. Modern geotextiles are normally manufactured from synthetic polymers-polypropylenes, polyesters, polyethylene’s, and polyamides-which do not deterioration under biological and chemical procedures. This makes them beneficial in road structure and conservation.

Does geotextile fabric let water through?
Geotextiles can be utilized in separation to enable water to go through the covered coatings. Geotextiles are utilized to go water through but avoid other fine particles and soils from going through.

What is geotextile used for in construction?
Geotextiles are largely utilized in road structure, particularly to fill gaps between the roads to enhance soil layout.



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