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January 30, 2024

The Role of Geo Bags in Coastal Protection and Shoreline Management


Arpit Kushawaha


types of geotextile


Geotextiles, one of the twigs of technical fabrics, are penetrable textile fabric materials utilized for different civil engineering and other geotechnical applications. The creation of geotextiles, possibly the first textile items in human history, constructs a connection between civil engineering and textile technology. Diggings of ancient Egyptian sites show the usage of mats created of grass and linen. Geotextiles have been utilized for thousands of years. In the days of the Rulers, geotextiles were majorly utilized in roadway structure to stabilize the body and the corners of roadways. These embryonic geotextiles were constructed of natural fibers, fabrics, or vegetation mixed with soil to improve road quality, mainly when roads were built on uneven soil.


Geotextiles and geosynthetic Construction and raw materials used:

The geo bags section includes technical textile goods utilized in geotechnical applications relating to soil, rock, earth, etc. This category of products is loosely called Geotextiles. However, geotextiles mainly refer to flat, permeable, polymer-synthetic, or natural textile fabrics which can be non-woven, woven, knitted, or knotted materials. They are utilized in contact with soil or rock and/or any other geotechnical items in civil engineering earthworks and building structures In fact, geotextiles are one of the members of the geosynthetic family which includes geogrids, geonet, geotextiles, geomembranes, geosynthetic clay linters, geopipe, and geocomposites.

To endure hostile underground atmospheres, Sandbag for flood control must be resistant to various forms of attack, such as mechanical, chemical, and biological. Chemical spasms may be started directly by acidic and alkaline soils or indirectly by the active wastes extant in the landfills. Relying on the kind of chemical compound, changes in the polymer structure can be brought about by corrosion, chain scission, cross-linking, inflammation or closure of the polymers, volatilization or abstraction of ingredients of the polymeric compound, or a surge in the crystallinity of the polymer. Adding the service temperature may accelerate the effects of chemical filth. 


Types, desired characteristics, and functions 

In general, the massive majority of Geotextile Sand Containers are manufactured from polypropylene or polyester and built into the following fabric categories.

Woven monofilament, Woven multifilament, Woven slit-film monofilament, Woven slit-film multifilament, Nonwoven incessant filament heat bonded, Nonwoven continuous filament needle-punched, nonwoven staple needle-punched, Nonwoven mastic fused, other woven and nonwoven mixtures, Spun. 

The non-woven geotextiles carry water passage adding to the tabilization of soil. Distinctive applications include i) entrance road and rail building, ii) dam, canal, and pond lining, iii) hydraulic works, drain lines, iv) asphalt roadway overlays, v) soil steadying and strengthening, vi) soil parting, vii) drainage, viii) landfill, ix) purification, x) weed control, xi) sport surfaces, xii) drainage channel liners, xiii) sedimentation and corrosion control, etc. Woven geotextile looks like burlap. It is a material constructed of two sets of parallel components methodically interweaved to form a thin, flat material. The components are of two types – slit film which is as flat, or monofilaments which are round. Woven geotextiles are usually chosen for applications where high forte properties are required, but where filtration needs are less dangerous and planar flow is not a deliberation.


Role of Geo Bags in coastal shield and shore engineering 

Due to sea or river currents fine soils of the bank start drifting producing corrosion. The Conservative design of strengthening the banks is not a solution due to the hydraulic pressure of the soil. The only possible solution is the application of geotextiles or geosynthetics. Geotextiles permit water to go through but struggle the fine soil relocation. Coastal protection processes are created to safeguard inland flooding and minimize the corrosion of the coastline produced by the continuous motion of the sea. Geotextiles protect the coastline as their plasticity and penetrability ensure resisting the effect of waves and currents, averting corrosion, and washing out of lines.

Geosynthetics are utilized in different coastal safety applications such as filters in dykes and dams, for basics under groynes and seawalls, as well as by utilizing geotextile containers as structural elements in groynes, seawalls, surfs or for bed and ridge stabilization. 

Woven geotextile containment systems in tube-shaped forms replenished with locally available sand/slurry are shaped in situ on land or in water to keep shore and marine environments. Geotextile tubes, for example, are one of the geosynthetic constructions that are gradually utilized in coastal protection. Geotextile tubes are built from high-strength geosynthetic fabrics that enable the water to flow through pores while retaining the filing materials. They are largely utilized for dewatering, flood control, and coastal protection. Geotextile tubes can be utilized in different conditions as a result of the low ingesting construction cost and time, the need for simple tools, and low-skilled workers. Geotextile tubes are good choices for conventional hard coastal structures.

Geotextile tubes are utilized as a profitable alternative to alleviate corrosion on coastal shorelines, riverbanks, and lakes using willingly available fabrics for infill. Geotextile tubes packed with scoured materials or sand and strategically placed will dispel the wave energy, as well as deliver structural support against other erosive forces. Geotextile tubes can be set in place along shorelines and river fronts either to be left uncovered to battle the elements, or combined into the climate as part of a manmade sandbank or riverbank. They can also be kept in the water to serve as jetties and groins.


Coastal and marine structures as procedures of coastal safety and coastal engineering

Stabilization of banks: Banks and related constructions usually contain a general rock fill core and an outer amour safety for long-term design against wave and current assaults. Needle-pressed geotextiles are utilized to save the coastline when utilized in the toe region of sea walls and dykes.

Levees and flood control dykes: Sea levels increase above inland areas due to various reasons. One of the reasons is tides. Tides result in normal rise and fall in sea levels. Though the typical tidal range in the open ocean is about 0.6 m, coastal tidal variation can vary between zero to over 10 m in height, depending on the coastal geography and location. Due to global warming, the mean sea level is assumed to gradually rise with time. Water levels can also rise as a result of waves and surges.

For more information about Geobag Manufacturers in India and how Singhal Industries Pvt. Ltd. can meet your specific needs, please visit their website or contact their dedicated customer support team.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

What are two ways of controlling soil erosion?
Preserving a healthy & perennial plant cover. 

Mulching:- Establishing a cover crop – such as winter rye in vegetable gardens. Comprises annual grasses, small grains, peas & various kinds of vegetation planted to provide a temporary vegetative cover.

Which is the best solution to prevent soil erosion?
For regions with a light corrosion crisis, reforestation with vegetation and covering with mulch are good solutions. For corrosion along footpaths, covering with mulch or stone is the best option. For heavy erosion in regions of concentrated flow, the most effective solutions are check dams or terraces.

What are the 4 types of soil erosion?
1) Sheet corrosion by water; 2) Wind corrosion; 3) Rill corrosion – occurs with heavy rains and normally manufactured small rills over hillsides; 4) Gully corrosion – when water runoff eliminates soil along drainage lines



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