PP Spunbond Nonwoven Fabric

PP Spunbond Nonwoven Fabric

Polypropylene spun-bond non woven fabric is a type of non woven material made from polypropylene (PP) fibres. It is produced using a process called spun-bond technology, which involves extruding molten polymer through fine nozzles to create continuous filaments that are then laid down in a random pattern onto a moving conveyor belt. The resulting web of fibres is then bonded together using heat, pressure, or chemicals, without the use of weaving or knitting.

Polypropylene spun-bond non woven fabric is made of 100% polypropylene fibre, which is extruded and spun to form a web of randomly-oriented, continuous filaments. The web is then subjected to a thermal bonding process to create a non woven fabric.

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Description

Polypropylene spun-bond non woven fabric is a kind of non woven fabric created from polypropylene (PP) yarns. It is created utilising a procedure which is named the spun-bond procedure, which pertains to extruding molten polymer through fine nozzles to develop endless filaments that are then laid down in a random design onto a moving conveyor belt. The resulting web of yarns is then connected utilising heat, pressure, or chemicals, without the usage of intertwining or knitting.

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Is Spunbond Non-woven Fabric Eco-friendly – Biodegradable or recyclable?

Spunbond non-woven fabric is typically made from polypropylene, a type of plastic that is not biodegradable. However, we do manufacturers use biodegradable materials, such as polylactic acid (PLA), to make spunbond non-woven fabric.

In general, spunbond non-woven fabric made from polypropylene is not biodegradable and can take hundreds of years to break down in the environment. However, it is recyclable in some cases. On the other hand, spunbond non-woven fabric made from biodegradable materials such as PLA can break down more quickly in the environment. However, it is important to note that biodegradable materials require specific conditions, such as high temperatures and microbial activity, to break down properly.

Features

The features of pp spunbond nonwoven fabric include:

  • High Strength: It has high tensile strength, tear strength and bursting strength, making it suitable for heavy-duty applications.
  • Breathable: The fabric has excellent air permeability, making it breathable and comfortable to wear.
  • Water-resistant: It has good water resistance, making it suitable for use in products that are exposed to moisture.
  • Chemical-resistant: The fabric is resistant to a wide range of chemicals, making it suitable for use in harsh environments.
  • Anti-static: It has anti-static properties, making it suitable for use in electronic and other industries where static electricity is a concern.
  • Easy to clean: The fabric is easy to clean and maintain, which makes it suitable for use in products that require frequent washing.

Advantages

  • Lightweight: It is very lightweight, making it easy to handle and transport.
  • Softness: This type of fabric is also very soft and comfortable to wear, making it ideal for use in clothing and bedding.
  • Cost-effective: It is an affordable alternative to traditional woven fabrics, making it an attractive option for manufacturers looking to reduce costs while maintaining quality.
  • Recyclable: The fabric is recyclable, making it an environmentally friendly option.
  • Non-toxic: The fabric is non-toxic, making it safe for use in medical and other sensitive applications.

Applications

  • Medical industry: PP spunbond nonwoven fabric is widely used in the medical industry for manufacturing surgical masks, disposable gowns, drapes, and medical packaging materials.
  • Agriculture:  It is used for crop protection, greenhouse covering, and soil erosion control. It provides excellent UV resistance and has high water permeability.
  • Filtration: It is used in the manufacturing of air and liquid filters. It has excellent filtration properties and can trap fine particles.
  • Automotive industry: It is used in the manufacturing of car upholstery, trunk liners, and interior trim.
  • Construction industry: It is used for insulation, roofing, and soundproofing.
  • Packaging industry: It is used for making reusable bags, packaging materials, and protective covers.
  • Home textiles: It is used for making curtains, bed linens, and upholstery.

Specification

The specifications of polypropylene spunbond nonwoven fabric can vary depending on the intended use and manufacturing process. Here are some common specifications:

  • Basis weight: This refers to the weight of the fabric per unit area, typically measured in grams per square meter (gsm). The basis weight of polypropylene spunbond nonwoven fabric can range from 10 gsm to over 150 gsm, depending on the application.
  • Width: Polypropylene spunbond nonwoven fabric can be produced in various widths, ranging from a few centimeters to several meters wide, depending on the manufacturing process.
  • Color: The fabric can be produced in a variety of colors, including white, black, and a range of other colors.
  • Tensile strength: This refers to the ability of the fabric to withstand pulling forces. The tensile strength of polypropylene spunbond nonwoven fabric can range from 10 N/5 cm to over 200 N/5 cm, depending on the basis weight and manufacturing process.
  • Elongation: This refers to the ability of the fabric to stretch before breaking. The elongation of polypropylene spunbond nonwoven fabric can range from 50% to over 300%, depending on the basis weight and manufacturing process.
  • Melt flow rate (MFR): This refers to the rate at which molten polypropylene flows through a capillary under.
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